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LSC By The Numbers 2013

2013 LSC By The Numbers Cover

LSC BY THE NUMBERS 2013 | The Data Underlying Legal Aid Programs


PREFACE

I am pleased to present the 2013 edition of LSC by the Numbers: The Data Underlying Legal Aid Programs—formerly known as LSC’s Fact Book.

Understanding is important to our work. LSC by the Numbers contains selected national data on 2013 LSC program funding; legal services provided to clients by LSC grantees, including services provided through Private Attorney Involvement (PAI); client demographics; and program staffing. Selected historical data from prior years are also included.

LSC by the Numbers reflects actual data with no extrapolations or estimates. Most of the data are derived from the Grant Activity Reports that LSC-funded grantees are required to submit in February and March of each year reflecting activity in the previous calendar year. The remainder of the data is collected from budget and funding records of LSC grantees.

We have worked to make LSC by the Numbers easier for a wider audience to use and have included trend data to show changes over time. This information offers a national perspective on the resources available to and the services provided by LSC grantees. It presents a useful overview of the work of LSC grantees on behalf of low-income persons in need of civil legal assistance.

We would be glad to respond to any questions you may have and are interested in your comments, including suggestions for other data compilations that would be useful. LSC by the Numbers is available on LSC’s website: www.lsc.gov.

Jim Sandman Signature


CONTENTS

2013 AT A GLANCE

FUNDING

1976 – 2013 Annual LSC Appropriations

LSC’s Appropriations in Actual and Inflation-Adjusted 2013 Dollars (Line Chart)

LSC and Non-LSC Funding Received by LSC Programs, 1996 – 2013 in Actual and Inflation-Adjusted 2013 Dollars

Changes in States’ and Territories’ Poverty Populations: 2000 Census to American Community Survey 2011 3-Year Estimates

Constituents Eligible for LSC-Funded Legal Aid

Geographic Location of Eligible Persons (Map)

2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Summary for Programs (Pie Chart)

2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Summary for Programs

2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Received by LSC-Funded Programs by State and Territory

2013 Annualized Basic Field Funding for LSC Programs

CLIENT SERVICES

2000 –2013 Total LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by LSC-Funded Programs

2013 LSC-Eligible Case Services Summary by Reason for Closure (Pie Chart)

2013 LSC-Eligible Case Services by Case Type (Pie Chart)

2013 LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by Case Type

2013 LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by Case Type and Reason for Closure

Additional Information Relating to Cases Closed for Eligible Clients

CLIENT DEMOGRAPHICS

2013 Ethnicity of Clients (Pie Chart)

2013 Age and Gender of Clients (Pie Charts)

2013 Age and Ethnicity of Clients and Veterans Status

PRIVATE ATTORNEY INVOLVEMENT

2004–2013 Private Attorney Involvement (PAI) for LSC-Funded Programs

2004–2013 Pro Bono with Percentage Change for LSC-Funded Programs

OTHER SERVICES

2013 LSC-Funded Program Services Other than Cases

STAFFING

2013 Staffing with Average and Median Salary and Experience for LSC Grantees

2013 Summary of Program Staffing by Job Classification, Years of Experience in Profession, and Average Salary

2013 Summary of Staff Positions by Job Classification, Ethnicity, and Gender for LSC Grantees

2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Grantees (Pie Charts)

LSC Grantees Staffing 2000 to 2013

2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Employees (Pie Charts)

ENDNOTES (Sources for all data are reflected in the endnotes)


LSC-2013 At A Glance

Percentages may not total exactly because of rounding.


FUNDING

LSC receives an annual appropriation from Congress to provide grants to eligible non- profit organizations delivering legal aid to low-income people. LSC awards grants through a competitive process and funds 134 legal aid organizations that serve hundreds of thousands of low-income individuals, children, families, seniors, and veterans across America. Funds are distributed on a per-capita basis according to each service area’s share of the eligible poverty population. LSC accepts applications on a fiscal year basis but funds grantees on a calendar year.

The federal contribution to civil legal aid does not meet all of the eligible population’s legal needs; rather, it provides the foundation upon which LSC’s grantees can build. LSC grantees supplement federal funds with other resources, such as Interest on Lawyers’ Trust Account (IOLTA) funds, state and local funding, grants from philanthropic foundations, and contributions from private donors. They also collaborate with a wide network of private practitioners, bar associations, law schools, access to justice commissions, and business and community organizations to expand legal services to indigent clients.

 

1976 - 2013 Annual LSC Appropriations 5
Grant
Year
Annual LSC
Appropriations
($)
Percentage
Change from
Prior Year
Annual LSC
Appropriations
in 2013 Dollars
1976 116,960,000 $478,851,771
1977 125,000,000 6.9% $480,521,881
1978 205,000,000 64.0% $732,456,850
1979 270,000,000 31.7% $866,369,025
1980 300,000,000 11.1% $848,143,925
1981 321,300,000 7.1% $823,422,036
1982 241,000,000 -25.0% $581,788,785
1983 241,000,000 0.0% $563,681,384
1984 275,000,000 14.1% $616,585,109
1985 305,000,000 10.9% $660,333,670
1986 292,363,000 -4.1% $621,422,949
1987 305,500,000 4.5% $626,481,982
1988 305,500,000 0.0% $601,592,676
1989 308,555,000 1.0% $579,677,303
1990 316,525,000 2.6% $564,167,400
1991 328,182,000 3.7% $561,323,343
1992 350,000,000 6.6% $581,147,527
1993 357,000,000 2.0% $575,540,585
1994 400,000,000 12.0% $628,763,924
1995 400,000,000 0.0% $611,435,773
1996 278,000,000 -30.5% $412,759,656
1997 283,000,000 1.8% $410,758,771
1998 283,000,000 0.0% $404,458,824
1999 300,000,000 6.0% $419,490,829
2000 303,841,000 1.3% $411,044,902
2001 329,274,000 8.4% $433,126,678
2002 329,300,000 0.0% $420,263,000
2003 336,645,488 2.2% $426,418,842
2004 335,282,450 -0.4% $413,480,056
2005 330,803,705 -1.3% $394,588,333
2006 326,577,984 -1.3% $377,373,822
2007 348,578,000 6.7% $391,640,781
2008 350,490,000 0.5% $379,228,597
2009 390,000,000 11.3% $423,485,496
2010 420,000,000 7.7% $448,700,504
2011 404,100,000 -3.8% $418,504,591
2012 348,000,000 -13.9% $353,097,363
2013 340,876,165 -2.0% $340,876,165

LSC’s Appropriations in Actual and Inflation-Adjusted 2013 Dollars

 

 

LSC and Non-LSC Funding Received by LSC Programs, 1996 - 2013 in Actual and Inflation-Adjusted 2013 Dollars7
Year Total LSC Dollars LSC % LSC
Funding % Change
From
Prior 
Year
LSC 
Funding
in 2013
Dollars
Total
Non-LSC
Dollars
Non-LSC
%
Non-LSC
Funding
% Change
From
Prior
Year
Non-LSC
Funding
in 2013
Dollars
Total
LSC &
Non-LSC
Dollars
Total
Funding
% Change
From
Prior
Year
Total
Funding
in 2013
Dollars
1996 309,346,686 59.67 459,302,000 209,043,366 40.33 310,376,000 518,390,052 769,679,000
1997 304,258,710 57.08 -1.6% 441,615,000 228,761,178 42.92 9.4% 332,034,000 533,019,888 2.8% 773,649,000
1998 299,114,460 53.23 -1.7% 427,489,000 262,768,560 46.77 14.9% 375,545,000 561,883,020 5.4% 803,034,000
1999 307,741,096 50.70 2.9% 430,315,000 299,273,435 49.30 13.9% 418,474,000 607,014,531 8.0% 848,788,000
2000 312,954,460 49.65 1.7% 423,373,000 317,407,164 50.35 6.1% 429,397,000 630,361,624 3.8% 852,771,000
2001 331,337,923 49.58 5.9% 435,841,000 336,971,911 50.42 6.2% 443,252,000 668,309,834 6.0% 879,082,000
2002 335,405,762 49.31 1.2% 434,326,000 344,758,647 50.69 2.3% 446,437,000 680,164,409 1.8% 880,761,000
2003 337,065,505 49.35 0.5% 426,749,000 345,942,313 50.65 0.3% 437,987,000 683,007,818 0.4% 864,736,000
2004 335,694,507 48.79 -0.4% 413,989,000 352,308,100 51.21 1.8% 434,477,000 688,002,607 0.7% 848,465,000
2005 331,668,508 46.02 -1.2% 395,620,000 389,002,904 53.98 10.4% 464,009,000 720,671,412 4.7% 859,628,000
2006 331,311,070 42.34 -0.1% 382,843,000 451,158,138 57.66 16.0% 521,331,000 782,469,208 8.6% 904,175,000
2007 354,145,581 41.94 6.9% 397,897,000 490,206,866 58.06 8.7% 550,767,000 844,352,447 7.9% 948,663,000
2008 354,647,367 40.26 0.1% 383,727,000 526,322,522 59.74 7.4% 569,479,000 880,969,889 4.3% 953,206,000
2009 385,841,843 42.29 8.8% 418,970,000 526,533,297 57.71 0.0% 571,741,000 912,375,140 3.6% 990,711,000
2010 418,389,974 43.58 8.4% 446,981,000 541,679,921 56.42 2.9% 578,696,000 960,069,895 5.2% 1,025,677,000
2011 403,953,150 43.26 -3.5% 418,352,000 529,843,497 56.74 -2.2% 548,729,000 933,796,647 -2.7% 967,082,000
2012 352,612,169 39.94 -12.8% 357,330,000 530,222,163 60.06 -1.0% 532,052,000 882,834,332 -6.1% 889,382,000
2013 342,778,665 38.73 -2.7% 342,778,665 542,357,385 61.27 3.4% 542,357,385 885,136,050 1.0% 885,136,050

Change in States’ and Territories’ Poverty Populations: 2000 Census to American Community Survey 2011 3-Year Estimates 8
State 2000 Census 2011 2000 - 2011 Change
Poverty
Population
% Share of Total
U.S. Poverty
Population
Poverty
Population
% Share of Total
U.S. Poverty
Population
Changes in Size of Poverty Population % Change in Size of Poverty Population % Change in Share of
U. S. Poverty
Population
Alabama 698,097 1.94% 859,895 1.80% 161,798 23.18% -7.03%
Alaska 80,405 0.22% 94,485 0.20% 14,080 17.51% -11.30%
Arizona 722,865 2.01% 1,132,860 2.37% 409,995 56.72% 18.29%
Arkansas 411,777 1.14% 538,030 1.13% 126,253 30.66% -1.38%
California 4,706,130 13.06% 5,676,185 11.89% 970,055 20.61% -8.96%
Colorado 388,952 1.08% 651,640 1.36% 262,688 67.54% 26.46%
Connecticut 259,514 0.72% 350,440 0.73% 90,926 35.04% 1.93%
Delaware 69,901 0.19% 102,355 0.21% 32,454 46.43% 10.53%
DC 109,500 0.30% 108,035 0.23% -1,465 -1.34% -25.53%
Florida 1,952,629 5.42% 2,969,990 6.22% 1,017,361 52.10% 14.81%
Georgia 1,033,793 2.87% 1,686,035 3.53% 652,242 63.09% 23.10%
Hawaii 150,439 0.42% 173,791 0.36% 23,352 15.52% -12.80%
Idaho 148,732 0.41% 235,880 0.49% 87,148 58.59% 19.71%
Illinois 1,291,958 3.58% 1,749,315 3.66% 457,357 35.40% 2.20%
Indiana 559,484 1.55% 955,420 2.00% 395,936 70.77% 28.90%
Iowa 258,008 0.72% 364,270 0.76% 106,262 41.19% 6.57%
Kansas 257,829 0.72% 375,695 0.79% 117,866 45.71% 9.99%
Kentucky 621,096 1.72% 790,525 1.66% 169,429 27.28% -3.93%
Louisiana 851,113 2.36% 824,905 1.73% -26,208 -3.08% -26.84%
Maine 135,501 0.38% 168,370 0.35% 32,869 24.26% -6.21%
Maryland 438,676 1.22% 546,485 1.14% 107,809 24.58% -5.97%
Massachusetts 573,421 1.59% 709,305 1.49% 135,884 23.70% -6.63%
Michigan 1,021,605 2.83% 1,613,400 3.38% 591,795 57.93% 19.21%
Minnesota 380,476 1.06% 601,200 1.26% 220,724 58.01% 19.27%
Mississippi 548,079 1.52% 638,370 1.34% 90,291 16.47% -12.08%
Missouri 637,891 1.77% 881,480 1.85% 243,589 38.19% 4.30%
Montana 128,355 0.36% 144,320 0.30% 15,965 12.44% -15.13%
Nebraska 161,269 0.45% 224,415 0.47% 63,146 39.16% 5.04%
Nevada 205,685 0.57% 385,120 0.81% 179,435 87.24% 41.33%
New Hampshire 78,530 0.22% 107,800 0.23% 29,270 37.27% 3.61%
New Jersey 699,668 1.94% 858,985 1.80% 159,317 22.77% -7.33%
New Mexico 304,737 0.85% 379,345 0.79% 74,608 24.48% -6.04%
New York 2,692,202 7.47% 2,845,020 5.96% 152,818 5.68% -20.23%
North Carolina 958,667 2.66% 1,596,885 3.34% 638,218 66.57% 25.73%
North Dakota 73,457 0.20% 80,690 0.17% 7,233 9.85% -17.09%
Ohio 1,170,698 3.25% 1,777,415 3.72% 606,717 51.83% 14.60%
Oklahoma 491,235 1.36% 612,305 1.28% 121,070 24.65% -5.92%
Oregon 388,740 1.08% 594,815 1.25% 206,075 53.01% 15.49%
Pennsylvania 1,304,117 3.62% 1,621,220 3.39% 317,103 24.32% -6.17%
Rhode Island 120,548 0.33% 136,370 0.29% 15,822 13.13% -14.61%
South Carolina 547,869 1.52% 816,485 1.71% 268,616 49.03% 12.49%
South Dakota 95,900 0.27% 110,440 0.23% 14,540 15.16% -13.08%
Tennessee 746,789 2.07% 1,097,575 2.30% 350,786 46.97% 10.94%
Texas 3,117,609 8.65% 4,379,170 9.17% 1,261,561 40.47% 6.02%
Utah 206,328 0.57% 345,730 0.72% 139,402 67.56% 26.48%
Vermont 55,506 0.15% 70,870 0.15% 15,364 27.68% -3.63%
Virginia 656,641 1.82% 861,950 1.80% 205,309 31.27% -0.92%
Washington 612,370 1.70% 876,845 1.84% 264,475 43.19% 8.08%
West Virginia 315,794 0.88% 322,675 0.68% 6,881 2.18% -22.87%
Wisconsin 451,538 1.25% 716,245 1.50% 264,707 58.62% 19.73%
Wyoming 54,777 0.15% 59,685 0.12% 4,908 8.96% -17.76%
TERRITORIES
American Samoa 34,745 0.10% 31,809 0.07% -2,936 -8.45% -30.90%
Guam 34,792 0.10% 35,848 0.08% 1,056 3.04% -22.23%
Micronesia 178,317 0.49% 179,779 0.38% 1,462 0.82% -23.90%
Puerto Rico 1,818,687 5.05% 1,666,600 3.49% -152,087 -8.36% -30.83%
Virgin Islands 34,931 0.10% 23,623 0.05% -11,308 -32.37% -48.95%
Total 36,048,372 100.00% 47,758,395 100.00% 11,710,023 32.48% 0.00%

Constituents Eligible for LSC-Funded Legal Aid

The number of Americans eligible for LSC-funded legal assistance, i.e., those living at or below 125% of the federal poverty guideline, continues to be at an all-time high. In 2007, before the economic downturn,

50.8 million Americans were eligible for LSC-funded legal services. In 2013, LSC estimates, based on projections calculated using the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2012 poverty data and the Brookings Institution’s poverty population formula, that more than one in five Americans—65.5 million people—was eligible for services, a 29% increase since 2007. In 2013, these Americans had incomes of no more than $14,363 for an individual and $29,438 for a family of four (at or below 125% of poverty).

The map below shows the geographic concentrations of the eligible client population—those living below 125% of the federal poverty guideline—in 2011. The following states have the highest concentrations of eligible client populations: Mississippi (29.1%), Louisiana (25.8%), Arkansas (25.4%), Alabama (24.9%), South Carolina (24.7%), Kentucky (24.6%), Georgia (24.5%), and West Virginia (24.2%).

Geographic Location of Eligible Persons

2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Summary for Programs10
2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Summary for Programs
Funding Type Amount ($) Percent
LSC Grants and Related Support 342,778,665 38.7%
State and Local Grants 205,137,265 23.2%
Filing Fees 38,884,963 4.4%
Interest on Lawyer Trust Accounts (IOLTA) 49,892,852 5.6%
Other Federal Grants 85,954,443 9.7%
Private Grants 68,442,914 7.7%
Other Non-LSC Funds 94,044,948 10.6%
Total 885,136,050 100.0%

2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Summary for Programs 11
  Amount
$
Percent of Programs’
$ Total Funding
LSC FUNDING SOURCES    
Basic Field Grants 316,345,623 35.7%
LSC Derivative Income    
Interest/Investment Income 2,602,761 0.3%
Attorney Fee Awards - LSC Case(s) 2,442,494 0.3%
Publication Income 9,250 0.0%
Carryover Funds 17,401,645 2.0%
Other LSC Funds 3,976,892 0.4%
Subtotal LSC Sources 342,778,665 38.7%
NON-LSC FUNDING SOURCES    
Other Federal Grants    
HHS Grants     18,327,874 2.1%
Older Americans Act         20,722,598 2.3%
Violence Against Women Act   12,396,359 1.4%
Other Federal Grants  21,612,421 2.4%
HUD Grants  12,895,191 1.5%
State and Local Grants    
General State Grants 103,291,653 11.7%
Specific State Grants 66,372,456 7.5%
Local Grants 35,473,156 4.0%
Filing Fees 38,884,963 4.4%
IOLTA 49,892,852 5.6%
Private Grants    
United Way 12,096,298 1.4%
Corporate and Individual Contributions 23,263,116 2.6%
Foundation Grants 28,362,484 3.2%
Bar Association Grants 4,721,016 0.5%
Non-LSC Derivative Income    
Attorney Fee Awards 2,932,327 0.3%
Cy Pres Awards 8,181,802 0.9%
Publication Income 29,174 0.0%
Carryover Funds 67,562,694 7.6%
Other Non-LSC Funds 15,338,951 1.7%
Subtotal Non-LSC Sources 542,357,385 61.3%
Total Funding 885,136,050 100.0%

2013 LSC and Non-LSC Funding Received by LSC-Funded Programs by State and Territory

Click table to enlarge

2013 Annualized Basic Field Funding for LSC Programs 13
Program LSC Grant Amount LSC
Total
Non-LSC
Total
LSC & Non-LSC Total LSC
%
Non-LSC %
Alabama            
Legal Services Alabama, Inc. 5,799,076 5,959,745 1,665,999 7,625,744 78.15 21.85
Alaska            
Alaska Legal Services Corporation 1,161,903 1,313,692 2,304,003 3,617,695 36.31 63.69
Arizona            
Community Legal Services, Inc. 4,047,784 4,281,716 1,103,248 5,384,964 79.51 20.49
Southern Arizona Legal Aid, Inc. 2,390,576 2,442,088 1,870,294 4,312,382 56.63 43.37
DNA-Peoples Legal Services, Inc. 3,089,750 3,211,130 1,993,960 5,205,090 61.69 38.31
Arkansas            
Legal Aid of Arkansas, Inc. 1,380,142 1,416,358 1,824,007 3,240,365 43.71 56.29
Center for Arkansas Legal Services 2,046,257 2,173,346 2,364,013 4,537,359 47.90 52.10
California            
California Indian Legal Services, Inc. 844,613 873,641 503,776 1,377,417 63.43 36.57
Greater Bakersfield Legal Assistance, Inc. 891,977 896,374 2,801,275 3,697,649 24.24 75.76
Central California Legal Services 2,692,048 2,777,865 4,340,046 7,117,911 39.03 60.97
Legal Aid Foundation of Los Angeles 6,843,280 6,915,921 8,975,306 15,891,227 43.52 56.48
Neighborhood Legal Services of Los Angeles County 4,147,569 5,167,728 6,973,105 12,140,833 42.56 57.44
Inland Counties Legal Services, Inc. 4,005,343 4,147,194 2,079,329 6,226,523 66.61 33.39
Legal Services of Northern California, Inc. 3,366,704 3,720,440 9,725,799 13,446,239 27.67 72.33
Legal Aid Society of San Diego, Inc. 2,666,103 2,827,298 10,011,336 12,838,634 22.02 77.98
California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc. 6,863,321 7,503,980 6,869,146 14,373,126 52.21 47.79
Bay Area Legal Aid 3,940,572 4,058,952 6,083,262 10,142,214 40.02 59.98
Legal Aid Society of Orange County, Inc. 3,614,626 3,858,666 3,479,767 7,338,433 52.58 47.42
Colorado            
Colorado Legal Services 3,677,091 3,673,364 9,027,498 12,700,862 28.92 71.08
Connecticut            
Statewide Legal Services of Connecticut, Inc. 2,212,423 2,267,553 322,983 2,590,536 87.53 12.47
Delaware            
Legal Services Corporation of Delaware, Inc. 592,875 595,058 819,335 1,414,393 42.07 57.93
District of Columbia            
Neighborhood Legal Srvcs. Prgrm. of the District of Columbia 861,407 882,534 673,206 1,555,740 56.73 43.27
Florida            
Community Legal Services of Mid-Florida, Inc. 3,138,356 3,814,588 6,101,664 9,916,252 38.47 61.53
Florida Rural Legal Services, Inc. 3,662,885 4,108,274 3,035,394 7,143,668 57.51 42.49
Legal Services of Greater Miami, Inc. 3,182,368 4,196,770 2,813,663 7,010,433 59.86 40.14
Legal Services of North Florida, Inc. 1,360,433 1,420,433 2,542,954 3,963,387 35.84 64.16
Bay Area Legal Services, Inc. 2,608,381 2,614,357 4,758,367 7,372,724 35.46 64.54
Three Rivers Legal Services, Inc. 1,722,411 1,739,650 1,682,030 3,421,680 50.84 49.16
Coast to Coast Legal Aid of South Florida, Inc. 1,745,017 1,961,463 1,256,824 3,218,287 60.95 39.05
Georgia            
Atlanta Legal Aid Society, Inc. 2,694,187 2,956,907 6,326,789 9,283,696 31.85 68.15
Georgia Legal Services Program 6,752,714 6,788,292 4,722,510 11,510,802 58.97 41.03
Hawaii            
Legal Aid Society of Hawaii 1,445,068 1,575,198 7,002,917 8,578,115 18.36 81.64
Idaho            
Idaho Legal Aid Services, Inc. 1,405,928 1,592,942 794,083 2,387,025 66.73 33.27

2013 Annualized Basic Field Funding for LSC Programs 13
Program LSC Grant Amount LSC
Total
Non-LSC
Total
LSC & Non-LSC Total LSC
%
Non-LSC %
Illinois            
LAF (Legal Assistance Foundation of Metropolitan Chicago) 6,005,678 6,327,631 6,711,133 13,038,764 48.53 51.47
Land of Lincoln Legal Assistance Foundation, Inc. 2,293,785 2,303,328 9,036,339 11,339,667 20.31 79.69
Prairie State Legal Services, Inc. 2,800,594 2,866,208 7,195,449 10,061,657 28.49 71.51
Indiana            
Indiana Legal Services, Inc. 5,197,360 5,820,989 2,628,504 8,449,493 68.89 31.11
Iowa            
Iowa Legal Aid 2,246,174 2,439,238 5,433,736 7,872,974 30.98 69.02
Kansas            
Kansas Legal Services, Inc. 2,267,659 2,268,824 3,201,248 5,470,072 41.48 58.52
Kentucky            
Legal Aid of the Bluegrass 1,230,323 1,359,258 3,267,073 4,626,331 29.38 70.62
Legal Aid Society 1,128,202 1,211,925 2,341,223 3,553,148 34.11 65.89
Appalachian Research and Defense Fund of Kentucky 1,734,851 1,811,104 1,515,080 3,326,184 54.45 45.55
Kentucky Legal Aid 1,104,065 1,240,322 2,650,988 3,891,310 31.87 68.13
Louisiana            
Acadiana Legal Service Corporation 1,700,539 1,848,890 1,430,196 3,279,086 56.38 43.62
Legal Services of North Louisiana, Inc. 1,605,403 1,650,721 1,149,354 2,800,075 58.95 41.05
Southeast Louisiana Legal Services Corporation 3,334,863 3,486,297 3,422,609 6,908,906 50.46 49.54
Maine            
Pine Tree Legal Assistance, Inc. 1,257,368 1,384,157 4,954,400 6,338,557 21.84 78.16
Maryland            
Legal Aid Bureau, Inc. 3,698,159 3,725,631 23,882,382 27,608,013 13.49 86.51
Massachusetts            
Volunteer Lawyers Project of the Boston Bar Association 1,840,816 1,898,956 741,964 2,640,920 71.91 28.09
South Coastal Counties Legal Services 827,324 827,543 2,082,523 2,910,066 28.44 71.56
Merrimack Valley Legal Services, Inc. 749,948 841,477 958,949 1,800,426 46.74 53.26
Massachusetts Justice Project, Inc. 1,360,772 1,569,353 246,929 1,816,282 86.40 13.60
Michigan            
Legal Services of South Central Michigan 1,835,590 1,977,662 5,765,164 7,742,826 25.54 74.46
Legal Services of Eastern Michigan 1,336,556 1,336,994 905,239 2,242,233 59.63 40.37
Legal Services of Northern Michigan, Inc. 682,249 771,794 1,175,265 1,947,059 39.64 60.36
Legal Aid of Western Michigan 1,693,727 1,702,901 2,363,141 4,066,042 41.88 58.12
Legal Aid and Defender Association, Inc. 3,683,289 4,100,262 2,899,678 6,999,940 58.58 41.42
Michigan Indian Legal Services, Inc. 152,034 159,063 374,891 533,954 29.79 70.21
Minnesota            
Legal Aid Service of Northeastern Minnesota 391,506 428,590 1,828,387 2,256,977 18.99 81.01
Central Minnesota Legal Services, Inc. 1,311,606 1,466,029 665,424 2,131,453 68.78 31.22
Legal Services of Northwest Minnesota Corporation 334,692 371,752 1,622,671 1,994,423 18.64 81.36
Southern Minnesota Regional Legal Services, Inc. 1,507,813 1,507,813 7,226,169 8,733,982 17.26 82.74
Anishinabe Legal Services, Inc. 220,713 242,713 560,857 803,570 30.20 69.80
Mississippi            
North Mississippi Rural Legal Services, Inc. 1,777,994 1,778,220 693,885 2,472,105 71.93 28.07
Mississippi Center for Legal Services 2,750,334 2,946,439 1,063,761 4,010,200 73.47 26.53
Missouri            
Legal Aid of Western Missouri 1,759,682 1,849,151 5,504,828 7,353,979 25.14 74.86
Legal Services of Eastern Missouri, Inc. 1,819,733 1,876,996 4,541,876 6,418,872 29.24 70.76
Mid-Missouri Legal Services Corporation 375,941 377,441 756,162 1,133,603 33.30 66.70
Legal Services of Southern Missouri 1,560,263 1,580,830 2,681,825 4,262,655 37.09 62.91

2013 Annualized Basic Field Funding for LSC Programs 13
Program LSC Grant Amount LSC
Total
Non-LSC
Total
LSC & Non-LSC Total LSC
%
Non-LSC %
Montana            
Montana Legal Services Association 1,191,677 1,239,135 1,828,017 3,067,152 40.40 59.60
Nebraska            
Legal Aid of Nebraska 1,428,051 1,464,051 4,491,174 5,955,225 24.58 75.42
Nevada            
Nevada Legal Services, Inc. 2,100,382 2,183,247 1,677,746 3,860,993 56.55 43.45
New Hampshire            
Legal Advice & Referral Center, Inc. 668,428 668,588 904,871 1,573,459 42.49 57.51
New Jersey            
Legal Services of Northwest Jersey 361,347 361,347 2,382,956 2,744,303 13.17 86.83
South Jersey Legal Services, Inc. 1,319,800 1,366,298 4,290,596 5,656,894 24.15 75.85
Northeast New Jersey Legal Services Corporation 1,598,126 1,785,871 5,982,822 7,768,693 22.99 77.01
Essex-Newark Legal Services Project, Inc. 930,819 932,510 2,321,174 3,253,684 28.66 71.34
Ocean-Monmouth Legal Services, Inc. 618,646 733,610 2,532,844 3,266,454 22.46 77.54
Central Jersey Legal Services, Inc. 1,008,187 1,105,456 3,815,706 4,921,162 22.46 77.54
New Mexico            
New Mexico Legal Aid 2,987,894 3,245,001 3,119,699 6,364,700 50.98 49.02
New York            
Legal Aid Society of Northeastern New York, Inc. 1,209,161 1,360,541 6,060,757 7,421,298 18.33 81.67
Neighborhood Legal Services, Inc. 1,197,945 1,299,557 4,668,059 5,967,616 21.78 78.22
Nassau/Suffolk Law Services Committee, Inc. 1,218,696 1,309,727 6,916,660 8,226,387 15.92 84.08
Legal Services NYC 12,914,140 17,819,658 37,424,743 55,244,401 32.26 67.74
Legal Assistance of Western New York, Inc. 1,576,602 1,811,898 7,429,951 9,241,849 19.61 80.39
Legal Aid Society of Mid-New York, Inc. 1,830,950 1,951,793 3,070,533 5,022,326 38.86 61.14
Legal Services of the Hudson Valley 1,603,904 1,764,294 8,428,804 10,193,098 17.31 82.69
North Carolina            
Legal Aid of North Carolina, Inc. 9,027,806 9,709,862 14,068,657 23,778,519 40.83 59.17
North Dakota            
Legal Services of North Dakota 735,920 804,033 1,034,743 1,838,776 43.73 56.27
Ohio            
Community Legal Aid Services, Inc. 1,615,444 1,616,207 3,110,603 4,726,810 34.19 65.81
Legal Aid Society of Greater Cincinnati 1,385,391 1,385,391 5,633,622 7,019,013 19.74 80.26
The Legal Aid Society of Cleveland 1,973,049 2,020,590 7,948,528 9,969,118 20.27 79.73
Ohio State Legal Services 2,899,479 3,472,479 8,373,067 11,845,546 29.31 70.69
Legal Aid of Western Ohio, Inc. 2,564,314 2,579,917 3,472,213 6,052,130 42.63 57.37
Oklahoma            
Oklahoma Indian Legal Services, Inc. 756,200 802,538 341,461 1,143,999 70.15 29.85
Legal Aid Services of Oklahoma, Inc. 4,116,273 4,723,902 8,541,763 13,265,665 35.61 64.39
Oregon            
Legal Aid Services of Oregon 3,645,502 3,709,289 3,571,218 7,280,507 50.95 49.05
Pennsylvania            
Philadelphia Legal Assistance Center 2,890,954 3,035,418 1,128,488 4,163,906 72.90 27.10
Laurel Legal Services, Inc. 666,676 708,737 1,271,013 1,979,750 35.80 64.20
MidPenn Legal Services, Inc. 2,060,141 2,467,586 4,965,431 7,433,017 33.20 66.80
Neighborhood Legal Services Association 1,458,268 1,492,400 3,199,602 4,692,002 31.81 68.19
North Penn Legal Services, Inc. 1,673,276 1,790,439 4,028,134 5,818,573 30.77 69.23
Southwestern Pennsylvania Legal Services, Inc. 473,602 503,384 2,190,067 2,693,451 18.69 81.31
Northwestern Legal Services 660,993 663,419 2,044,053 2,707,472 24.50 75.50
Legal Aid of Southeastern Pennsylvania 1,035,363 1,133,673 4,277,957 5,411,630 20.95 79.05

2013 Annualized Basic Field Funding for LSC Programs 13
Program LSC Grant Amount LSC
Total
Non-LSC
Total
LSC & Non-LSC Total LSC
%
Non-LSC %
Rhode Island            
Rhode Island Legal Services, Inc. 981,098 984,598 3,112,735 4,097,333 24.03 75.97
South Carolina            
South Carolina Legal Services, Inc. 4,854,445 4,871,498 4,455,096 9,326,594 52.23 47.77
South Dakota            
East River Legal Services 368,829 382,818 300,551 683,369 56.02 43.98
Dakota Plains Legal Services, Inc. 1,279,132 1,279,132 474,936 1,754,068 72.92 27.08
Tennessee            
Legal Aid of East Tennessee 2,070,268 2,126,162 2,317,276 4,443,438 47.85 52.15
Memphis Area Legal Services, Inc. 1,311,527 1,363,390 1,769,840 3,133,230 43.51 56.49
Legal Aid Society of Middle Tennessee and the Cumberlands 2,525,882 2,544,654 3,562,165 6,106,819 41.67 58.33
West Tennessee Legal Services, Inc. 620,485 715,041 2,980,469 3,695,510 19.35 80.65
Texas            
Legal Aid of NorthWest Texas 7,286,659 8,187,362 8,624,866 16,812,228 48.70 51.30
Lone Star Legal Aid 9,043,832 9,295,180 8,371,047 17,666,227 52.62 47.38
Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, Inc. 11,074,626 12,606,986 12,661,502 25,268,488 49.89 50.11
Utah            
Utah Legal Services, Inc. 1,979,626 2,124,093 2,096,052 4,220,145 50.33 49.67
Vermont            
Legal Services Law Line of Vermont, Inc. 460,958 562,867 57,677 620,544 90.71 9.29
Virginia            
Legal Services of Northern Virginia, Inc. 1,062,586 1,099,415 3,476,498 4,575,913 24.03 75.97
Southwest Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc. 727,461 774,070 2,272,068 3,046,138 25.41 74.59
Legal Aid Society of Eastern Virginia 1,230,978 1,294,110 3,044,930 4,339,040 29.82 70.18
Central Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc. 1,103,892 1,105,399 1,311,875 2,417,274 45.73 54.27
Virginia Legal Aid Society, Inc. 786,848 794,856 1,772,274 2,567,130 30.96 69.04
Blue Ridge Legal Services, Inc. 676,298 832,175 1,258,079 2,090,254 39.81 60.19
Washington            
Northwest Justice Project 5,618,481 7,485,712 18,239,176 25,724,888 29.10 70.90
West Virginia            
Legal Aid of West Virginia, Inc. 2,506,173 2,507,444 5,538,213 8,045,657 31.17 68.83
Wisconsin            
Legal Action of Wisconsin, Inc. 3,233,153 3,739,952 5,089,591 8,829,543 42.36 57.64
Wisconsin Judicare, Inc. 996,486 1,094,856 680,805 1,775,661 61.66 38.34
Wyoming            
Legal Aid of Wyoming, Inc. 716,249 724,949 529,451 1,254,400 57.79 42.21
             
TERRITORIES
Guam            
Guam Legal Services Corporation 276,701 292,806 955,871 1,248,677 23.45 76.55
Micronesia            
Micronesian Legal Services, Inc. 1,410,365 1,426,675 724,710 2,151,385 66.31 33.69
Puerto Rico            
Puerto Rico Legal Services, Inc. 13,773,123 13,914,705 8,118,200 22,032,905 63.15 36.85
Community Law Office, Inc. 281,863 282,495 570,698 853,193 33.11 66.89
Virgin Islands            
Legal Services of the Virgin Islands, Inc. 253,400 253,400 1,115,812 1,369,212 18.51 81.49

CLIENT SERVICES

LSC grantees handle the basic civil legal needs of the poor, addressing matters involving safety, subsistence, and family stability. Most legal aid practices are focused on family law, including domestic violence, child support and custody, and housing matters, including evictions and foreclosures.

More than a third of all cases closed by LSC grantees are family law cases. LSC grantees help parents obtain and keep custody of their children, extended family members secure guardianship of orphaned and abused children, and victims of domestic violence get protective orders. LSC grantees also work on housing cases. By renegotiating mortgages, resolving landlord-tenant disputes, and assisting renters facing wrongful eviction and property foreclosure, help clients stay in their homes.

2000 – 2013 Total LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by LSC-Funded Programs 14
  Basic Field - General          
Year Closed by Program Staff Closed by Private Attorneys Totals Basic Field Native American Basic Field Migrant Totals Changes From Prior Year
2000 873,199 121,030 994,229 11,481 6,658 1,012,368  
2001 877,492 118,749 996,241 10,334 7,538 1,014,113 0.2%
2002 847,642 114,632 962,274 10,053 6,507 978,834 -3.5%
2003 806,735 112,300 919,035 9,986 6,772 935,793 -4.4%
2004 782,793 102,256 885,049 10,527 5,491 901,067 -3.7%
2005 792,644 97,493 890,137 10,967 5,234 906,338 0.6%
2006 786,923 93,922 880,845 9,796 4,847 895,488 -1.2%
2007 793,997 97,531 891,528 9,716 5,263 906,507 1.2%
2008 781,501 93,174 874,675 9,552 4,928 889,155 -1.9%
2009 800,711 103,753 904,464 11,275 4,708 920,447 3.5%
2010 806,783 107,621 914,404 12,462 5,540 932,406 1.3%
2011 780,085 102,655 882,740 12,106 4,971 899,817 -3.5%
2012 694,934 99,586 794,645 10,958 4,352 809,830 -10.0%
2013 648,026 96,427 744,453 10,432 3,804 758,689 -6.3%

2013 LSC-Eligible Case Services Summary by Reason for Closure 15
2013 LSC-Eligible Case Services Summary by Reason for Closure
Reason for Closure Total Closed Cases Percent
Counsel and Advice 457,874 60.4%
Limited Action 122,330 16.1%
Settlement w/o Litigation 12,708 1.7%
Settlement with Litigation 43,365 5.7%
Agency Decision 26,025 3.4%
Court Decision Uncontested 38,033 5.0%
Court Decision Contested 28,260 3.7%
Court Decision Appeals 517 0.1%
Extensive Services 27,826 3.7%
Other Closure Method 1,751 0.2%
Total 758,689 100.0%

2013 LSC-Eligible Case Services by Case Type16
2013 LSC-Eligible Case Services by Case Type
Case Type Total Closed Cases Percent
Family 249,843 32.9%
Housing 207,614 27.4%
Income Maintenance 91,961 12.1%
Consumer 83,463 11.0%
Miscellaneous 41,139 5.4%
Health 27,571 3.6%
Employment 22,447 3.0%
Individual Rights 15,289 2.0%
Juvenile 13,415 1.8%
Education 5,947 0.8%
Total 758,689 100.0%

2013 LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by Case Type17
Case Category Number of Cases Percent
Consumer/Finance    
Bankruptcy/Debtor Relief 29,161 3.8%
Collection (Incl Repossession/Deficiency/Garnishment) 36,233 4.8%
Contracts/Warranties 5,800 0.8%
Collection Practices/Creditor Harassment 2,511 0.3%
Predatory Lending Practices (Not Mortgages) 197 0.0%
Loans/Installment Purchase (Not Collections) 857 0.1%
Public Utilities 3,130 0.4%
Unfair & Deceptive Sales & Prac (Not Real Property) 964 0.1%
Other Consumer/Finance 4,610 0.6%
  83,463 11.0%
     
Education    
Discipline (Incl Expulsion and Suspension) 847 0.1%
Special Education/Learning Disabilities 2,024 0.3%
Access (Including Bilingual, Residency, Testing) 600 0.1%
Vocational Education 57 0.0%
Student Financial Aid 501 0.1%
Other Education 1,918 0.3%
  5,947 0.8%
     
Employment    
Employment Discrimination 1,934 0.3%
Wage Claims and other FLSA Issues 2,864 0.4%
EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) 1,544 0.2%
Taxes (Not EITC) 4,236 0.6%
Employee Rights 3,060 0.4%
Agricultural Worker Issues (Not Wage Claims/FLSA) 386 0.1%
Other Employment 8,423 1.1%
  22,447 3.0%
     
Family    
Adoption 2,277 0.3%
Custody/Visitation 71,196 9.4%
Divorce/Separation 92,127 12.1%
Guardianship 5,055 0.7%
Name Change 3,065 0.4%
Parental Rights Termination 1,594 0.2%
Paternity 5,593 0.7%
Domestic Abuse 43,619 5.7%
Support 18,754 2.5%
Other Family 6,563 0.9%
  249,843 32.9%
     
Juvenile    
Delinquent 1,274 0.2%
Neglected/Abused/Dependent 5,121 0.7%
Emancipation 973 0.1%
Minor Guardian/Conservatorship 5,613 0.7%
Other Juvenile 434 0.1%
  13,415 1.8%
     
Health    
Medicaid 18,597 2.5%
Medicare 1,495 0.2%
Government Children’s Health Insurance Programs 344 0.0%
Home and Community Based Care 818 0.1%
Private Health Insurance 263 0.0%
Long Term Health Care Facilities 483 0.1%
State and Local Health 1,580 0.2%
Other Health 3,991 0.5%
  27,571 3.6%
     
Housing    
Federally Subsidized Housing 36,335 4.8%
Homeownership/Real Property (Not Foreclosure) 8,476 1.1%
Private Landlord/ Tenant 116,453 15.3%
Public Housing 11,068 1.5%
Mobile Homes 3,505 0.5%
Housing Discrimination 1,006 0.1%
Mortgage Foreclosures (Not Predatory Lending/Practices) 19,550 2.6%
Mortgage Predatory Lending/Practices 807 0.1%
Other Housing 10,414 1.4%
  207,614 27.4%
     
Income Maintenance    
TANF 7,665 1.0%
Social Security (Not SSDI) 2,193 0.3%
Food Stamps 18,827 2.5%
SSDI 9,375 1.2%
SSI 26,232 3.5%
Unemployment Compensation 17,149 2.3%
Veterans Benefits 900 0.1%
State and Local Income Maintenance 5,723 0.8%
Other Income Maintenance 3,888 0.5%
  91,961 12.1%
     
Individual Rights    
Immigration/Naturalization 6,661 0.9%
Mental Health 329 0.0%
Disability Rights 219 0.0%
Civil Rights 450 0.1%
Human Trafficking 137 0.0%
Other Individual Rights 7,493 1.0%
  15,289 2.0%
     
Miscellaneous    
Lgl Assist to Non-Profit Org or Grp (Incl Incorp/Dissol) 300 0.0%
Indian/ Tribal Law 1,808 0.2%
Licenses (Drivers, Occupational, and Others) 2,674 0.4%
Torts 2,513 0.3%
Wills/Estates 16,395 2.2%
Advance Directives/Powers of Attorney 10,833 1.4%
Municipal Legal Needs 125 0.0%
Other Miscellaneous 6,491 0.9%
  41,139 5.4%
Total 758,689 100.0%

2013 LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by Case Type and Reason for Closure18
Case Category Counsel
And
Advice
Limited Action Negotiated
Settlement
w/o
Litigation
Negotiated
Settlement
Litigation
Admin
Agency
Decision
Uncontested
Court
Decision
Contested
Court
Decision
Appeals Other Extensive
Service
Total Percent
CONSUMER / FINANCE                        
Bankruptcy/ Debtor Relief 2,1478 1,795 42 99 21 4,512 379 2 84 749 29,161 3.8%
Collection (Including Repossession/ Deficiency/Garnishment) 25,029 4,684 557 2,094 35 1,135 1,471 17 85 1,126 36,233 4.8%
Contracts / Warranties 4,339 900 157 130 4 48 96 2 22 102 5,800 0.8%
Collection Practices/Creditor Harassment 1,728 462 78 94 3 36 40 2 10 58 2,511 0.3%
Predatory Lending Practices (Not Mortgages) 131 40 10 8 0 2 2 0 0 4 197 0.0%
Loans/ Installment Purchase (Not Collections) 623 108 22 33 20 2 4 1 3 41 857 0.1%
Public Utilities 1,754 980 177 23 16 29 11 0 4 136 3,130 0.4%
Unfair and Deceptive Sales & Practices (Not Real Property) 720 117 25 35 0 9 16 0 1 41 964 0.1%
Other Consumer/Finance 3,630 678 67 78 10 23 45 1 7 71 4,610 0.6%
  59,432 9,764 1,135 2,594 109 5,796 2,064 25 216 2,328 83,463 11.0%
EDUCATION                        
Discipline (Including Expulsion and Suspension) 400 119 108 28 125 2 2 2 4 57 847 0.1%
Special Education /Learning Disabilities 745 262 439 75 247 13 22 1 1 219 2,024 0.3%
Access (Including Bilingual, Residency, Testing) 165 288 75 4 8 9 3 0 2 46 600 0.1%
Vocational Education 40 9 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 5 57 0.0%
Student Financial Aid 269 195 15 1 9 0 1 0 1 10 501 0.1%
Other Education 644 1,106 57 16 19 7 16 1 3 49 1,918 0.3%
  2,263 1,979 695 125 409 31 44 4 11 386 5,947 0.8%
EMPLOYMENT                        
Employment Discrimination 1,571 107 23 43 130 3 12 2 6 37 1,934 0.3%
Wage Claims and other FLSA Issues 1,586 415 294 283 121 15 36 0 24 90 2,864 0.4%
EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) 296 748 54 19 51 2 6 0 0 368 1,544 0.2%
Taxes (Not EITC) 1,616 1,239 462 75 359 24 8 3 26 424 4,236 0.6%
Employee Rights 2,719 197 41 22 43 2 9 2 1 24 3,060 0.4%
Agricultural Worker Issues (Not Wage Claims/FLSA Issues) 111 90 49 50 40 3 3 0 3 37 386 0.1%
Other Employment 5,376 2,033 70 63 178 385 79 14 14 211 8,423 1.1%
  13,275 4,829 993 555 922 434 153 21 74 1,191 22,447 3.0%
FAMILY                        
Adoption 1,275 168 1 16 4 623 62 2 49 77 2,277 0.3%
Custody/ Visitation 51,528 7,188 378 4,464 17 2,292 3,680 33 125 1,491 71,196 9.4%
Divorce/Separation 55,712 11,871 282 4,044 20 12,165 3,745 16 273 3,999 92,127 12.1%
Guardianship 3,019 579 8 43 3 1,055 106 1 37 204 5,055 0.7%
Name Change 1,365 834 5 3 7 716 30 1 29 75 3,065 0.4%
Parental Rights Termination 1,114 56 2 31 1 167 186 2 2 33 1,594 0.2%
Paternity 3,973 658 13 195 4 301 267 2 2 178 5,593 0.7%
Domestic Abuse 15,946 3,349 252 7,237 9 6,849 7,472 28 68 2,409 43,619 5.7%
Support 14,289 1,558 111 803 42 493 1,004 9 35 410 18,754 2.5%
Other Family 4,208 1,306 70 123 41 296 217 9 31 262 6,563 0.9%
  152,429 27,567 1,122 16,959 148 24,957 16,769 103 651 9,138 249,843 32.9%
JUVENILE                        
Delinquent 213 35 19 325 1 228 420 4 2 27 1,274 0.2%
Neglected/Abused/ Dependent 978 136 36 505 26 1,505 1,704 19 15 197 5,121 0.7%
Emancipation 494 240 0 3 23 54 10 0 1 148 973 0.1%
Minor Guardian/Conservatorship 2,860 1,283 10 71 0 849 201 3 16 320 5,613 0.7%
Other Juvenile 231 40 5 32 16 59 38 4 0 9 434 0.1%
  4,776 1,734 70 936 66 2,695 2,373 30 34 701 13,415 1.8%

2013 LSC-Eligible Cases Closed by Case Type and Reason for Closure18
Case Category Counsel
And
Advice
Limited Action Negotiated
Settlement
w/o
Litigation
Negotiated
Settlement
Litigation
Admin
Agency
Decision
Uncontested
Court
Decision
Contested
Court
Decision
Appeals Other Extensive
Service
Total Percent
HEALTH                        
Medicaid 8,905 5,597 856 681 1,812 10 38 11 17 670 18,597 2.5%
Medicare 912 451 52 16 30 0 2 0 1 31 1,495 0.2%
Government Children’s Health Insurance Prog. 166 97 39 11 23 0 0 0 0 8 344 0.0%
Home and Community Based Care 327 186 25 56 126 1 12 0 0 85 818 0.1%
Private Health Insurance 197 38 6 2 9 0 1 0 0 10 263 0.0%
Long Term Health Care Facilities 238 107 20 47 45 0 4 1 0 21 483 0.1%
State and Local Health 1,373 144 16 12 23 0 3 0 0 9 1,580 0.2%
Other Health 1,840 1,784 86 51 86 12 4 1 6 121 3,991 0.5%
  13,958 8,404 1,100 876 2,154 23 64 13 24 955 27,571 3.6%
HOUSING                        
Federally Subsidized Housing 20,396 5,433 1,815 4,615 1,583 315 1,204 29 69 876 36,335 4.8%
Homeownership/Real Property (Not Foreclosure) 5,478 1,646 231 283 29 126 173 3 67 440 8,476 1.1%
Private Landlord / Tenant 82,161 13,720 1,645 11,476 89 1,027 3,374 43 104 2,814 116,453 15.3%
Public Housing 6,278 1,594 565 1,262 487 130 459 13 13 267 11,068 1.5%
Mobile Homes 2,306 541 105 313 27 24 104 7 2 76 3,505 0.5%
Housing Discrimination 518 204 110 54 35 2 11 0 5 67 1,006 0.1%
Mortgage Foreclosures (Not Predatory Lending /Practices) 12,533 3,107 485 1,022 13 225 446 18 52 1,649 19,550 2.6%
Mortgage Predatory Lending /Practices 400 131 70 75 4 11 26 1 1 88 807 0.1%
Other Housing 6,155 3,062 236 219 65 100 114 4 13 446 10,414 1.4%
  136,225 29,438 5,262 19,319 2,332 1,960 5,911 118 326 6,723 207,614 27.4%
INCOME                        
TANF 3,303 2,148 555 478 788 9 17 9 14 344 7,665 1.0%
Social Security (Not SSDI) 1,444 398 32 19 191 5 1 1 18 84 2,193 0.3%
Food Stamps 11,320 4,929 537 403 583 2 14 53 20 966 18,827 2.5%
SSDI 6,109 1,072 66 20 1,762 13 18 4 12 299 9,375 1.2%
SSI 12,716 3,271 184 63 8,121 12 45 20 29 1,771 26,232 3.5%
Unemployment Compensation 9,891 1,615 83 40 4,899 37 240 56 8 280 17,149 2.3%
Veterans Benefits 644 137 3 2 63 1 3 0 0 47 900 0.1%
State and Local Income Maintenance 2,560 1,955 409 203 360 0 47 43 18 137 5,732 0.8%
Other Income Maintenance 2,043 1,345 109 59 205 27 12 0 5 83 3,888 0.5%
  50,030 16,870 1,978 1,287 16,972 106 397 186 124 4,011 91,961 12.1%
INDIVIDUAL                        
Immigration/Naturalization 2,569 1,022 18 3 2,496 11 14 1 66 461 6,661 0.9%
Mental Health 147 47 73 22 4 7 7 1 1 20 329 0.0%
Disability Rights 122 43 14 12 14 0 0 0 0 14 219 0.0%
Civil Rights 328 59 5 3 7 7 4 1 7 29 450 0.1%
Human Trafficking 38 5 0 3 86 0 1 0 0 4 137 0.0%
Other Individual Rights 4,480 2,201 15 20 17 536 106 1 8 109 7,493 1.0%
  7,684 3,377 125 63 2,624 561 132 4 82 637 15,289 2.0%
MISCELLANEOUS                        
Legal Assistance to Non-Profit Org or Group (Incl Incorp/ Dissolution) 80 105 2 0 10 2 2 4 5 90 300 0.0%
Indian/ Tribal Law 507 235 99 474 6 132 111 0 6 238 1,808 0.2%
Licenses (Drivers, Occupational, and Others) 1,505 813 17 25 30 184 40 0 2 58 2,674 0.4%
Torts 2,020 287 19 60 1 19 51 3 18 35 2,513 0.3%
Wills/ Estates 7,655 6,803 40 48 12 772 59 0 117 889 16,395 2.2%
Advance Directives /Powers of Attorney 1,963 8,551 8 3 0 13 2 0 27 266 10,833 1.4%
Municipal Legal Needs 70 31 4 2 0 1 2 2 0 13 125 0.0%
Other Miscellaneous 4,002 1,543 39 39 230 347 86 4 34 167 6,491 0.9%
  17,802 18,368 228 651 289 1,470 353 13 209 1,756 41,139 5.4%
Totals 457,874 122,330 12,708 43,365 26,025 38,033 28,260 517 1,751 27,826 758,689 100.0%
Percentages 60.4% 16.1% 1.7% 5.7% 3.4% 5.0% 3.7% 0.1% 0.2% 3.7% 100.0% -

Additional Information Relating to Cases Closed for Eligible Clients19
Total number of Persons in all Households Served
Total number of adults 1,047,741
Total number of children 785,499
Total number of all persons served 1,833,240
Year Total number of cases involving domestic violence % of Total Cases Closed
2011 105,090 11.7%
2012 112,044 13.8%
2013 105,365 13.9%

CLIENT DEMOGRAPHICS

The clients LSC grantees serve include individuals of all races, ethnic groups, gen- ders, and ages. They include the working poor, veterans, people with disabilities, and victims of domestic violence.

Over two-thirds of LSC clients were women in 2013; the majority were between 18 and 59. Elder clients often require legal assistance because of special health, income, and social needs, especially to access the government-administered benefits on which many depend for income and health care.

2013 Ethnicity of Clients20
2013 Ethnicity of Clients
Ethnic Group Individual Clients Percent Ethnic Group as %
of Total
U.S. Population
w/ Income < 125%
of Poverty
White - Not of Hispanic Origin 348,570 46.0% 44.2%
Black - Not of Hispanic Origin 211,964 28.0% 20.7%
Hispanic 131,521 17.3% 27.2%
Native American 20,087 2.6% 1.4%
Asian or Pacific Islander 18,686 2.5% 4.1%
Other 27,506 3.6% 2.4%
Total 758,334 100.0% 100.0%

2013 Age and Gender of Clients21
Age Group Total Individual
Clients
Percent Percentage of
U.S. Population
w/ Incomes
< 125% of Poverty
Under 18 14,334 1.9% 32.6%
Between 18 and 59 631,149 83.2% 57.5% (age is 18-64)
60 and Over 112,851 14.9% 9.9% (age is 65 and >)
Total 758,334 100.0% 100.0%
2013 Age and Gender of Clients
Gender/Type Total Individual
Clients
Percent Percentage of
U.S. Population
w/ Incomes
< 125% of Poverty
Men 217,770 28.7% 45.2%
Women 540,451 71.2% 54.8%
Group Clients 485 0.1%  
Total 758,706 100.0% 100.0%

2013 Age and Ethnicity of Clients and Veterans Status22
Ethnic Group Under
Age 18
Age 18
and Over
Age 60
and Over
Total
Individual
Clients 
White - Not of Hispanic Origin 3,950 285,847 58,773 348,570
Black - Not of Hispanic Origin 3,619 180,212 28,133 211,964
Hispanic Origin 5,081 110,784 15,656 131,521
Native American 457 16,289 3,341 20,087
Asian or Pacific Islander 332 14,505 3,849 18,686
Other 895 23,512 3,099 27,506 
Total 14,334 631,149 112,851 758,334 
  Individual
Clients
% of
All Clients
% of Total
National
Poverty
Population 
Veteran 40,000 5.3% 2.4%
Non-Veteran 714,428 94.7% 97.6% 
Total 754,428 100.0% 100.0% 

PRIVATE ATTORNEY INVOLVEMENT

LSC grantees leverage federal funding and maximize the number of clients they serve by involving private attorneys in the delivery of legal services, primarily through provision of services to eligible clients on a volunteer basis. Appropriate pro bono cases are referred to local attorneys who have agreed to represent eligible clients without charge.

In addition to pro bono efforts, grantees involve private attorneys through lawyer referral services sponsored by local bar associations. Such services may refer fee-generating cases to private attorneys in exchange for a commitment to accept pro bono or reduced fee referrals. Grantees also contract with private attorneys to handle individual cases or certain categories of cases, or involve private attorneys as co-counsel in complex cases on a volunteer or contract basis.

2004-2013 Private Attorney Involvement (PAI) for LSC-Funded Programs23
Year Pro Bono Cases Closed Contract/Judicare Cases Closed PAI Other Cases Closed Total PAI Cases Closed % of PAI Cases: Pro Bono Attorneys Accepting Referrals
2004 72,690 23,445 6,837 102,972 70.59% 33,473
2005 64,963 26,830 5,700 97,493 66.63% 33,463
2006 63,621 25,142 5,159 93,922 67.74% 32,222
2007 64,494 28,457 4,580 97,531 66.13% 31,186
2008 57,719 31,052 4,397 93,168 61.95% 35,718
2009 65,022 33,653 5,069 103,744 62.68% 34,089
2010 71,444 30,750 5,427 107,621 66.38% 36,033
2011 79,578 23,077 0 102,655 77.52% 34,158
2012 80,209 19,377 0 99,586 80.54% 33,405
2013 79,517 16,910 0 96,427 82.46% 30,465

2004-2013 Pro Bono with Percentage Change for LSC-Funded Programs23
Year Pro Bono
Cases Closed
Total LSC
Cases Closed
Pro Bono Cases
as a % of
Total Cases
Closed %
Change of
Pro Bono/
Total Cases
Closed
2004 72,690 901,067 8.07%
2005 64,963 906,338 7.17% -11.15%
2006 63,621 895,488 7.10% -0.88%
2007 64,494 906,507 7.11% 0.14%
2008 57,719 889,155 6.49% -8.76%
2009 65,022 920,447 7.06% 8.82%
2010 71,444 932,406 7.66% 8.47%
2011 79,578 899,817 8.84% 15.42%
2012 80,209 809,830 9.90% 11.99%
2013 79,517 758,689 10.48% 5.82%

OTHER SERVICES

LSC grantees also offer other services, including legal education workshops, pro se self-help materials, and referrals. Many grantees have designed interactive websites with useful legal resources, such as legal forms and guidance materials.

2013 LSC-Funded Program Services Other than Cases24
Type of Service  
Community Legal Education
Presentations to Community Groups (Total number of people in audiences)
305,429
Pro Se Assistance
Workshops or Clinics (Total number of people in audiences)
49,672
Help Desk at Court
(Total number of people assisted)
262,773
Referrals
Referral to Other Provider of Civil Legal Services to Low Income People
233,024
Referral to Private Bar (Lawyers Referral Service or individual private attorneys) 285,272
Referral to Provider of Human or Social Services (non-legal) 52,020
Total Referrals 570,316
Access Over the Web
Total unique visitors
13,070,227
Downloads of self-help legal forms and printed materials 1,533,141

STAFFING

As independent non-profit organizations, grantees hire their own staff; grantee staff are not employed by LSC and are not government employees.

In general, legal services attorneys are paid far less than their counterparts in the private sector and significantly less than federal or state government attorneys.

LSC-funded organizations may serve an entire state, a region within a state, or a single city or county. Many grantees maintain multiple offices, while others operate only one office. Some grantees operate part-time satellite offices and run “hotlines” that provide telephone intake, advice, and referral programs to facilitate access to their services over a large geographical area. 

LSC now reports staff totals as full-time equivalents (FTE), which is standard practice in the U.S. Historically, LSC counted all LSC grantee employees who worked at least 90% time. Using the revised method, LSC now includes grantee employees who work only part of the year as well as part-time employees.

2013 Staffing with Average and Median Salary & Experience for LSC Grantees

2013 Summary of Program Staffing by Job Classification, Years of Experience in Profession and Average Salary26
Years of Experience Director Deputy Director Director of Litigation Managing Attorney
# of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary
0-1 YEAR 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 50,005
2 YEARS 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 42,037
3 YEARS 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 56,042
4 YEARS 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 51,692
5 YEARS 0 0 1 60,500 0 0 11 55,792
6-7 YEARS 1 51,000 1 60,800 0 0 20 63,544
8-9 YEARS 0 0 0 0 0 0 35 63,937
10-14 YEARS 0 0 6 81,848 4 81,493 88 67,935
15-19 YEARS 9 97,784 9 87,943 3 80,699 71 73,552
20-24 YEARS 15 112,193 14 99,449 8 82,099 96 76,399
25-29 YEARS 19 113,061 12 101,645 8 106,228 92 77,700
30 OR MORE YEARS 90 121,662 47 102,664 34 97,142 185 84,646
Total Count / Avg. Salary 134 117,256 90 98,235 57 94,342 611 75,453

Years of Experience

Supervising Attorney Staff Attorney Paralegal Information Technology Staff
# of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary
0-1 YEAR 2 50,860 358 43,141 132 27,360 6 34,826
2 YEARS 2 57,958 196 45,973 42 32,311 2 41,432
3 YEARS 6 52,117 173 46,316 51 31,903 2 39,098
4 YEARS 9 56,677 163 48,923 35 31,522 3 39,433
5 YEARS 18 55,735 154 50,629 44 32,295 4 46,672
6-7 YEARS 30 62,718 321 52,487 88 33,332 7 52,291
8-9 YEARS 31 60,449 219 53,461 82 36,070 6 51,595
10-14 YEARS 70 68,440 306 59,179 188 39,205 28 52,066
15-19 YEARS 61 75,445 227 64,980 170 41,776 24 61,116
20-24 YEARS 70 80,478 170 72,243 155 44,915 16 66,636
25-29 YEARS 53 82,419 132 73,001 135 45,381 15 62,041
30 OR MORE YEARS 96 88,759 204 75,597 254 48,400 11 72,703
Total Count / Avg. Salary 448 75,256 2,623 56,032 1,376 39,861 124 57,030

2013 Summary of Program Staffing by Job Classification, Years of Experience in Profession and Average Salary26
Years of Experience PAI Coordinator Development Director Training Responsible Person Financial Professional Management Professional
# of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary
0-1 YEAR 3 27,978 1 45,000 1 0 1 34,496 4 47,375
2 YEARS 3 37,770 3 49,639 0 0 2 61,788 3 59,077
3 YEARS 3 45,894 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 46,023
4 YEARS 3 43,670 0 0 0 0 3 38,750 1 36,474
5 YEARS 3 52,290 1 51,750 0 0 4 40,697 7 51,907
6-7 YEARS 8 39,057 2 41,375 0 0 7 43,023 3 55,816
8-9 YEARS 7 63,089 3 65,700 0 0 7 52,556 9 52,775
10-14 YEARS 14 46,724 8 59,437 1 50,800 33 54,189 33 64,336
15-19 YEARS 14 51,893 5 75,522 0 0 24 64,555 32 66,956
20-24 YEARS 15 55,370 3 60,761 0 0 34 60,432 22 70,135
25-29 YEARS 11 58,619 2 69,750 0 0 37 71,985 22 64,196
30 OR MORE YEARS 26 61,345 6 81,376 1 74,673 85 65,707 72 67,414
Total Count / Avg. Salary 110 52,958 34 64,372 2 62,737 237 62,224 214 64,299
Years of Experience Grants Manager Law Clerk Administrative Assistant Secretarial/Clerical Other
# of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary # of Positions Average Salary
0-1 YEAR 3 35,417 7 33,244 16 30,813 70 25,371 39 31,498
2 YEARS 0 0 2 31,900 6 31,706 24 24,796 10 31,456
3 YEARS 2 49,000 0 0 4 33,077 37 26,341 13 28,638
4 YEARS 1 36,943 1 33,610 4 30,794 34 28,373 12 31,404
5 YEARS 0 0 0 0 6 31,468 39 28,304 13 40,982
6-7 YEARS 1 44,744 0 0 12 34,415 85 30,200 20 37,883
8-9 YEARS 1 95,000 0 0 15 35,874 90 30,508 17 39,962
10-14 YEARS 2 52,501 1 31,741 41 38,631 200 32,309 51 39,670
15-19 YEARS 4 65,602 0 0 35 40,882 153 34,242 41 41,320
20-24 YEARS 3 62,033 0 0 30 40,681 138 36,985 22 37,838
25-29 YEARS 2 70,139 0 0 37 44,368 125 37,131 23 42,183
30 OR MORE YEARS 2 59,725 0 0 104 44,523 299 39,739 38 44,199
Total Count / Avg. Salary 21 56,865 11 32,896 310 40,599 1,294 33,995 299 38,333

2013 Summary of Staff Positions by Job Classification, Ethnicity, and Gender for LSC Grantees

Click table to enlarge

2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Grantees 28
2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Grantees
Ethnic Group Number of Staff Percent
White 4,638 58.1%
Black 1,162 14.6%
Hispanic 1,623 20.3%
Native American 113 1.4%
Asian / Pacific Islander 341 4.3%
Other 102 1.3%
Total 7,979 100.0%
2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Grantees
Gender Number of Staff Percent
Men 1,930 24.2%
Women 6,048 75.8% 
Other 1 0.0%
Total 7,979 100.0%

LSC Grantees Staffing 2000 - 201329
Staff 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Attorney 4,088 4,146 4,172 3,965 3,923 3,919 4,057 4,274 4,439 4,505 4,679 4,508 4,237 4,193
Paralegal 1,603 1,662 1,660 1,585 1,560 1,542 1,572 1,640 1,687 1,687 1,731 1,646 1,507 1,475
Others 3,462 3,531 3,554 3,333 3,245 3,208 3,214 3,290 3,375 3,328 3,453 3,284 3,041 2,914
Total 9,153 9,340 9,386 8,882 8,728 8,668 8,842 9,204 9,500 9,519 9,863 9,439 8,785 8,582

2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Employees30
2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Employees
Ethnic Group Number of Staff Percent
White 59 48%
Black 44 36%
Hispanic 5 4%
Native American 0 0%
Asian / Pacific Islander 13 11%
Other 2 2% 
Total 123 100.0% 
2013 Staff Ethnicity and Gender for LSC Employees
Gender Number of Staff Percent
Men 53 43%
Women 70 57% 
Total 123 100.0% 

ENDNOTES

1All data on this page are from LSC Funding Tables and Grant Activity Reports – 2013.

2LSC funding includes Basic Field Grants appropriated by Congress, LSC derivative income, and other funds.

3Other funding sources include all non-LSC funds such as state, local, IOLTA, filing fees, private grants and other federal grants.

4The computation of the number of attorneys includes all Job Codes 5 to 11 (Litigation Director to Staff Attorney) and all Directors, Deputy Directors and PAI Coordinators who are attorneys. It does not include the small number of attorneys serving in non-attorney positions – e.g., management professionals who are attorneys. Staff totals are full-time equivalents (FTE’s).

5Annual appropriations levels include funding for LSC Management and Administration, the Office of Inspector General, and other funding not allocated to grantees (e.g., support for the LSC Loan Repayment and Assistance Program). They do not include special supplemental emergency funds or Veterans Court funds. The 1976 figure for annual LSC appropriations includes $24,630,000 supplemental appropriations due to the Fiscal Year change from July 1 to October 1 and therefore includes five quarters’ funding. All data on this page are from LSC Funding Tables and Grant Activity Reports – 2013.

6Based on data in table on page 3.

7“Total LSC Dollars” is the sum of all LSC funding available to grantees, which includes grants received, fund-balances, and other derivative income. Source:& LSC Funding Tables, Grant Activity Reports and LSC historical data.

8Sources: U.S. Census Bureau: Census 2000, p. 87. POVERTY STATUS IN 1999 BY AGE: Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data (with statutorily required adjustments for AK and HI); 2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, data provided LSC by U.S. Census Bureau pursuant to P.L. 112-55 (with statutorily required adjustments for AK and HI); Population data for territories other than Puerto Rico from U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census, DP-3-Geography [for each territory], Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010. Poverty population data for Micronesia based on U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census, DP-3-Geography for Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010, and data from the governments of the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of Palau, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.

9Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey 1-year estimates, Table S1701, Poverty Status in the past 12 months.

10Source: LSC Funding Tables and Grant Activity Reports – 2013. LSC Grants and Related Support includes LSC basic field grants, interest/investment income, attorney fees, publication income, carryover funds, and other LSC funds. Other Federal Grants includes HHS Grants, Older Americans Act, Violence Against Women Act, HUD grants, and other federal grants. Private Grants includes United Way, corporate and individual contributions, private foundation, and bar association grants.

11Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013.

12Source: LSC Funding Tables and Grant Activity Reports – 2013. LSC Derivative Income includes LSC interest/investment income, attorney fee awards, and publication income. Other Federal Grants includes Title XX, Older Americans Act, Violence Against Women Act, other federal and community development block grants. Private Grants includes United Way, private foun- dation & bar association grants. Non-LSC Derivative Income includes non-LSC attorney fees, Cy Pres awards, and publication income.

13Source: LSC Funding Tables and Grant Activity Reports – 2013.

14Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013.

15Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013. Counsel and Advice - A case closed in which the program provided legal advice to an eligible client should be closed as Counsel and Advice (e.g., the advocate ascertained and reviewed relevant facts, exercised judgment in interpreting the particular facts presented by the client and in applying the relevant law to the facts presented, and counseled the client concerning his or her legal problem). Limited Action - A case closed in which the program took limited action(s) on behalf of an eligible client that addressed the client’s legal problem that is not so complex or extended as to meet  the requirements for CSR Category L should be closed as Limited Action. Examples include communications by letter, telephone or other means to a third party; preparation of a simple legal document such as a routine will or power of attorney. Extensive Service - A case closed in which the program undertook extensive research, preparation of complex legal documents, extensive interaction with third parties on behalf of an eligible client, or extensive on-going assistance to clients who are proceeding pro se should be closed as Extensive Service. Some examples of extensive service include preparation of complex advance directives, wills, contracts, real estate documents or other legal documents, or the provision of extensive transactional work.

16Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013.

17Ibid.

18Ibid.

19Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013. A case is considered to involve domestic violence if domestic violence is in any way a part of the case, even if peripheral. All such cases are reported as involving domestic violence, but if a client has experienced domestic violence but that domestic violence does not come up in the actual case, then the case is not counted as involving domestic violence.

20Source: Grant Activity Report – 2013. U.S. population calculated from U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Table S1703. National data are not strictly comparable with LSC case data because of definitional and other differences in data sets.

21Source: Grant Activity Report – 2013. U.S. population calculated from U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Table S1703. Totals by age are not equal to the totals by gender because a few programs were not able to provide complete information.

22Totals by age and ethnicity are not equal to the totals by gender because a few programs were not able to provide complete information. Also, the total of veterans and non-veterans is less than the totals by age and ethnicity because not all programs were able to collect complete statistics on veteran status of client households in 2012. Note that LSC counts a household as veteran if any member of that household is a veteran. U.S. national population data for ethnicity and age calculated from U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Table S1703. National data for ethnicity and age are not strictly comparable with LSC case data because of definitional and other differences in data sets. U.S. national population data for veterans calculated from U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Table S2101. National veterans data are not strictly comparable with LSC case data because national veterans data are based on civilian population 18 years and older with incomes below 100% of poverty. Data are also from LSC Grant Activity Reports.

23Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2004-2013. Private Attorney Involvement (PAI) is an LSC program to involve private attorneys (those not working for an LSC grantee) in the delivery of legal services to low-income clients eligible for LSC-funded legal assistance. As provided in 45 C.F.R. §1614, LSC grantees are required to devote at least 12.5% of Basic Field-General funding to this method of delivery of legal services. Pro Bono – PAI programs in which attorneys are recruited and assisted to provide legal services to eligible clients without compensation. Compensated – PAI programs in which attorneys are compensated at a reduced rate to provide legal services to eligible clients, usually either: (1) by contract with the grantee program under which an attorney receives a reduced fee either for a single case or for a set number of cases; or (2) a member of a “Judicare” panel where all private attorneys who practice in the service area are invited to participate. Attorneys may elect on a case-by-case basis whether to take a client. Under some models, clients may choose among panel attorneys while under others, panel attorneys are assigned by rotation.

24Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013. These numbers are limited to actual services reported to LSC and exclude estimated numbers also reported to LSC. Unlike CSR cases, these services are not eligibility checked, although they are targeted to and promoted among the client-eligible population. A CSR case is defined as the provision of permissible legal assistance to an eligible client with a legal problem, or set of closely related legal problems, accepted for assistance in accordance with the requirements of the LSC Act, regulations, and other applicable law.

25Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013. Data include full-time staff members (90% and above) who were employed as of 12/31/12. The total for attorneys includes all attorneys on staff, including the small number (78) of attorneys serving in non-attorney positions (e.g., management professionals who are attorneys). Figures do not include sub-recipient staffing.

26Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2013. Figures include all full-time (90% and above) staff members who were employed as of 12/31/12. Figures do not include sub-recipient staffing.

27 Ibid.

28 Ibid.

29Source: Grant Activity Reports – 2000-2013. Data for all years include staff calculated as full-time equivalents (FTE). An FTE equals the number of hours the staff member worked each week divided by standard numbers of hours for full-time. The result is then multiplied by the percentage of year the staff member was employed.

30LSC Human Resources data as of July 13, 2014.